RFID Technology

In recent years, RFID (radio frequency identification) has caught the attention of privacy watchdogs, civil organizations and the general public. Its ability to identify and track items as well as individuals raises a number of privacy and security concerns, while the potential for integration into numerous contexts has increased with the development of technology. Discussion and integration of RFID in the workplace, retail situations and other environments should be informed by a number of privacy-respecting practices that will be explored in this [...]


CSA Model Code

In March 1996, the Canadian Standards Association (CSA) published the Model Code for the Protection of Personal Information. Canada was the first country in the world to establish a voluntary, national standard for personal information protection.

The Model Code was largely based on the Guidelines Governing the Protection of Privacy and Transborder Flows of Personal Data, created by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). While the Code remains a voluntary standard, it enjoys strong support and endorsement by a variety of Canadian companies as the national standard on privacy [...]


Personal Information Protection and Electronic Documents Act (PIPEDA)

The Personal Information Protection and Electronic Documents Act (PIPEDA) is a Canadian federal legislation governing the collection, use and disclosure of personal information by private sector organizations. It also regulates the use of electronic documents while supporting e-commerce.

About the PIPEDA

The PIPEDA was enacted on April 13, 2000 in order to promote and support consumers in e-commerce. The PIPEDA was based on the Canadian Standards Association’s Model Code for the Protection of Personal Information. It also intended to reinforce the privacy protection mechanisms and practices which reflected European Union privacy directives. The PIPEDA was implemented in a number of phases over [...]