Safe Harbor Declared "Invalid"

There will be some significant changes on the horizon regarding how private information is transferred between European Union nations and the United States.  Modifying the flow of data across these international borders may have a negative impact on commerce and has the potential to affect all European technology users. On October 6, 2015, the European Court of Justice found invalid “Safe Harbor,” the framework for how United States companies transfer personal data of European Economic Area citizens.


Back to the Beginning:  The Data Protection Directive

Part of the European Union privacy and human rights law, the Data Protection Directive was adopted by [...]


True Costs of the New EU Data Protection Regime

In January 2012, the European Commission released a draft General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), a set of proposed reforms to the existing EU data protection law. If approved, the GDPR would unify data protection law across all 27 EU member states. The key goals and major issues of the GDPR are discussed in this article, along with the Article 29 Working Party’s response to Justice Commissioner Viviane Reding in April [...]


Safe Harbor in Action: CARU Example

The EU-US Safe Harbor framework was developed to facilitate the cross-border transmission of information, as well as ensure high standards of privacy protection. This article explores the implementation of these principles in context of the Children’s Advertising Review Unit (CARU) Safe Harbor [...]


Is Safe Harbor necessary?

The Safe Harbor framework deals with privacy protection around the transfer of personal data between organizations in European Union (EU) member states to organizations located in the United States. This article explores the purposes and requirements of the Safe Harbor framework. It also provides information for US-based organizations who may participate in the Safe Harbor framework.

What is Safe Harbor?
In October 1998, the European Commission Directive on Data Protection went into effect. The Directive prohibited the transfer of personal data from EU member states to non-EU nations that did not meet the adequacy standard of privacy protection. There are significant differences [...]


Data Protection Laws Around the Globe

Information Privacy is an International concern. Today, most countries have laws protecting personal data from misuse and destruction. Regulation and enforcement of data protection varies from country to country. However, despite such differences, almost every country uses the same basic privacy concepts and principles– notice, access, consent, data integrity, disclosure and accountability– to develop data protection [...]