Privacy Shield

The ways American companies and the United States government can collect, process, transfer, and store European citizens’ private data are changing. In 2015, European Union courts invalidated the US/EU privacy “Safe Harbor,” invalidating the decade-old information sharing agreement. American businesses, European citizens, and privacy advocates all over the globe have closely watched the development of Safe Harbor’s replacement policy. In the summer of 2016, Privacy Shield came to fruition and is enforced as of August 2016. This article takes a look at what Privacy Shield is and how it came to be.

Safe Harbor

Unlike in Europe, the United States does not [...]


Safe Harbor Declared "Invalid"

There will be some significant changes on the horizon regarding how private information is transferred between European Union nations and the United States.  Modifying the flow of data across these international borders may have a negative impact on commerce and has the potential to affect all European technology users. On October 6, 2015, the European Court of Justice found invalid “Safe Harbor,” the framework for how United States companies transfer personal data of European Economic Area citizens.


Back to the Beginning:  The Data Protection Directive

Part of the European Union privacy and human rights law, the Data Protection Directive was adopted by [...]


EC MEPs Respond to Gag Orders

The European Commission has been accused of barring journalist access to discussions at the LIBE committee whenever US data issues are on the table. In-camera sessions are not open to the public and places MEPs under the threat of sanctions should they discuss the issue outside the room. The latest in-camera session took place on December 11, 2014 and led to a minor protest at the Safe Harbor [...]


Looking Closer at Safe Harbor

In March, 2014, an overwhelming majority of the European Parliament voted for the immediate suspension of the Safe Harbor agreement between the EU and the US. This article takes a look at the [...]


European Commission Reviews Safe Harbor

This article provides a detailed view of the recommendations made by the European Commission regarding EU/US data flows. In this review, released in late November 2013, thirteen recommendations were made, with the intention of improving the Safe Harbor data transfer [...]